Multilingual Fortification Dictionary

The Multilingual Fortification Dictionary (MFD) contains a illustrated list of fortifications and their translations in multiple languages (Croatian, Czech, Dutch, English, French, German, Italian, Lithuanian, Polish, Portuguese, Spanish and Swedish).


For a definition of the World War II Atlantikwall, see: /files/Atlantikwall_definition_of_a_phenomenon.pdf

The IFC is considering to add new languages and new time periods, eventually including the ‘concrete’ and ‘reinforced concrete century’. IFC and EFFORTS will cooperate. See letter: /files/20181029_Efforts-IFC_MFD.pdf


You are invited to use the dictionary and to send comments etc. to the Secretariat, that will forward the comments to the Multilingual Fortification Dictionary Working Group. For a list of members of the Multilingual Fortification Dictionary Working Group see under the tab Contact.


Members of the Multilingual Fortification Dictionary Working Group can login here


A: Grundformen des Festungsbaus

B: Anbauten (f)

C: Bastionärsysteme (f)und andere Arten von Festungssystem (n) bzw. Festungsmanier (f)

D: Außenwerke (f)

E: Vorwerke (pl: f) / selbständige Werke (pl: f)

F: Bezeichnungen für Profile, Konstruktionslinien und -winkel (bei Bastionärsystemen)

G: Feuerrichtungen (m)

H: Waffenplätze (pl: f)

J: Hindernismittel (pl: f)

K: Werke des Wasserbaus

L: Bunker (m) / Kasematten (f)

M: Belagerungsanlagen (f), -maschienen (f) und -instrumente (f)